Latinos in the Criminal Justice System

Income and Poverty in the United States: 2016.” United States Census Bureau. (September 2017)

Nativity by Language Spoken at Home by Ability to Speak English for the Populations Five Years and Over.” United Sates Census Bureau – American Fact Finder.  (2016)

Not a Crime to Be Poor: The Criminalization of Poverty in America.” Peter Edelman. (October 2017)

What is Crimmigration Law?” American Bar Association. (Spring 2017)

Overcoming Language Barriers: Solutions for Law Enforcement.” Vera Institute of Justice. (February 2007)

The Color of Justice: Racial and Ethnic Disparity in State Prisons.” The Sentencing Project. (June 2016)

Findings:The results of our nationwide analysis of traffic stops and searches.” The Stanford Open Policing Project. (2018) 

Reducing Racial and Ethnic Disparities In Jails Recommendations for Local Practice.” Brennan Center for Justice at New York University School of Law. (June 2015)


Prisoners in 2016.” U.S. Department of Justice – Bureau of Justice Statistics. (January 2018)

The gap between the number of blacks and whites in prison is shrinking.” Pew Research Center. (January 2018)

Incarceration Trends.” Vera Institute of Justice. (December 2015)

Latinos and Criminal Justice, Policing, and Drug Policy Reform.” Latino Justice and Latino Decisions. (January 2018)

National Poll Shows Latinos Are Concerned About Police Violence, Feel Less Safe Under Trump But Insist on Increased Spending on Rehabilitation Instead of More Funding for Prisons or Police.” Latino Justice. (January 2018)

Low Income

The Economic State of the Latino Community in America.” Joint Economic Committee – United States Congress. (October 2016)

The Unequal Burden of Crime and Incarceration on America’s Poor.” Brookings. (April 2014)

Incarceration’s Front Door: The Misuse of Jails in America.” Vera Institute of Justice. (February 2015)

Los Que No Cuentan… Latino Lives Discounted.”The Crime Report. (July 2016)

Felony Defendants in Large Urban Counties, 2009 - Statistical Tables.” U.S. Department of Justice – Bureau of Justice Statistics. (December 2013) 

Pretrial Release of Latino Defendants.” Pretrial Justice Institute. (September 2008)

Fines, Fees, and Bail: Payments in the Criminal Justice System that Disproportionately Impact the Poor.” White House Council of Economic Advisers. (December 2016)

The Hidden Costs of Florida’s Criminal Justice Fees.” Brennan Center or Justice at New York University School of Law.(March 2010)

On Cash and Conviction: Monetary Sanctions as Misguided Policy.” Criminology and Public Policy. (July 2011)

Mental Health

Indicators of Mental Health Problems Reported by Prisoners and Jail Inmates, 2011-12.” U.S. Department of Justice – Bureau of Justice Statistics. (June 2017)

Stress and Latino Mental Health: Effects of Discrimination and Stress Among Latinos.” Psychology Today.(April 2016) 

Mental Health and Hispanics.” U.S. Department of Health and Human Services – Office of Minority Health. (February 2017)

Disparities Within Minority Mental Health Care.” National Alliance on Mental Illness. (July 2017)

Latino Mental Health.” National Alliance on Mental Illness. (No date specified)

People of Color

Findings:The results of our nationwide analysis of traffic stops and searches.” The Stanford Open Policing Project. (2018) 

An Empirical Analysis of Racial Differences in Police Use of Force.” The National Bureau of Economic Research. (January 2018)

Policing in Black & White.” American Psychological Association. (December 2016)

Law Enforcement and Violence: The Divide between Black and White Americans.” The Associated Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research.(July 2015)

Latino Confidence in Local Police Lower Than Among Whites.” Pew Research Center. (August 2014) 

Insecure Communities: Latino Perceptions of Police Involvement in Immigration Enforcement.” Department of Urban Planning and Policy - University of Illinois at Chicago. (May 2013) 

Data on Latinos in Jail

The Alarming Lack of Data on Latinos in the Criminal Justice System.” Urban Institute. (December 2016)

Divided Justice: Trends in Black and White Jail Incarceration, 1990-2013.” Vera Institute of Justice. (February 2018)

Missing: Criminal Justice Data.” The New York Times. (March 2018)

Measuring Justice, One County at a Time: Assessing and comparing the performance of the entire U.S. criminal justice system.” Measure for Justice. (No date specified)

Open Data Policing: Search all known North Carolina, Maryland, and Illinois traffic stops.” Open Data Policing. (No date specified)

Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21stCentury Policing.” President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing. (May 2015)

Vigil for Teen Who Died in Police Custody Turns Violent.” CNN. (December 2013)

QuickFacts: Durham County, North Carolina.” U.S. Census Bureau. (July 2016)

Racial Profiling in North Carolina: Racial Disparities in Traffic Stops, 2000 to 2011.” Trial Briefs – University of North Carolina School of Law. (June 2012)

North Carolina Traffic Stop Statistics: Frequently Asked Questions.” North Carolina Attorney General Josh Stein. (No date specified)

Racial Disparities in Police Traffic Stops in North Carolina, 2000-2011.” University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill. (September 2013)

Activists Wield Search Data to Challenge and Change Police Policy.” The New York Times. (November 2014)

Raising Issues of Race in North Carolina Criminal Cases.” University of North Carolina School of Government. (2014)

Bearden  v. Georgia

Bearden v. Georgia.” United States Supreme Court. (1983)

Supreme Court Ruling Not Enough To Prevent Debtors Prisons.” NPR. (May 2014)